Submission of Papers

Authors are encouraged to submit their articles by email to, or via the electronic submission page

Manuscripts should be saved in MSWord files and attached to the email. Please ensure that you are sending us the final and complete manuscript. We recommend that authors print out and carefully read through, and get the final version of their manuscript language edited before submitting it to the journal.

Authors who do not have access to email can send their manuscript to:

African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics Editorial Office
Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy in Africa (CEEPA)
Dept Agricultural Economics
Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences
University of Pretoria
Room 2-6, Agric. Annex, Pretoria 0002, South Africa

In this case, authors should mail a digital copy of the manuscript, saved on disk, and one paper copy.

Technical research articles should be 4000-6000 words in length. Longer articles will be accepted on an occasional basis if the topic demands this length of treatment. Policy notes should be 2000-3000 words in length. Book reviews are also welcomed (800-1200) words. These word lengths are for the complete submission, including abstract, footnotes, tables, references and appendices.

Contributions are received with the understanding that they comprise original, unpublished material and are not being submitted for publication elsewhere.

All articles are refereed to ensure both accuracy and relevance, and amendments to the script may thus be required before final acceptance. Authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.

Manuscript Preparation

The authors’ contact details (including full postal address, email address and fax number) should appear on the first page of the manuscript and the corresponding author should be identified with an asterisk and footnote. There should be no other reference elsewhere in the manuscript which would identify an author.

Manuscripts must be double-spaced with wide margins and Times New Roman, with font size of 12. Pages should be numbered. The Editors reserve the right to adjust style to certain standards of uniformity.

The text should be organized under appropriate section headings which, ideally, should not be more than 600 words apart. All headings should be placed on the left-hand side of the text, with a double-line space above and below. Figures and tables should be submitted in a separate style.


should be indicated in the text by superior Arabic numerals which run consecutively (MSWord does this automatically) through the paper. They should be grouped in a section at the end of the text in numerical order and double-spaced.


each paper should be provided with an Abstract of about 150 words, outlining in a single paragraph the aims, scope and conclusions of the paper.


All measurements should be given in metric (SI) units.

References and citations: All publications cited in the text should be presented in a list of references, using the Harvard Method, following the text of the manuscript. In the text refer to the author's name (without initials) and year of publication (e.g. "Since Assefa (1993) has shown that..." or "This is in the agreement with results obtained later (Sangokoya, 1994)"). For three or more authors use the first author followed by "et al.", in the text. The list of references should be arranged alphabetically by authors' names. The manuscript should be carefully checked to ensure that the spelling of authors' names and dates are exactly the same in the text as in the reference list.

Include an alphabetical list of references at the end of the paper.
List only sources directly cited in the text. Ensure that all sources cited are included in the list.
Use the Harvard method, i.e. cite author’s name and the date of publication, thus: (Mapule 2000). Cite sources with two authors thus: (Smith & Jones 2002), and sources with more than two thus: (Hassan et al. 2004).
When citing more than one source, use date order, thus: (Prinsloo 2000; Ncube 2003).
List publications by the same author(s) in the same year as 2002a, 2002b, etc. In the text refer to the author's name (without initials) and year of publication (e.g. "Since Assefa (1993) has shown that..." or "This is in the agreement with results obtained later (Sangokoya, 1994)"). For three or more authors use the first author followed by "et al.", in the text.

The following examples show the styles to use in the list of references.
Journal article Mapule R, 2000. The environment in Lesotho. Journal of Green Economies 2(3): 470–98.

Greene WH, 2003. Econometric Analysis. Fifth edition. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Chapter in book, or article in edited work
Anselin L, 2001. Spatial econometrics. In Baltagi B (ed.), A Companion to Theoretical Econometrics. Oxford: Blackwell.

Unpublished report, departmental working paper, thesis etc.
Vermeulen H, Jordaan D, Korsten L & Kirsten J, 2006. Private standards, handling and hygiene in fruit export supply chains: a preliminary evaluation of the economic impact of parallel standards. Working paper no. 2, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Pretoria, South Africa.

Illustrations - Figures:

All illustrations should be provided in camera-ready form, suitable for reproduction (which may include reduction) without retouching. Photographs, charts and diagrams are all to be referred to as “Figure(s)” and should be numbered consecutively in the order to which they are referred. They should accompany the manuscript, but should not be included within the text. All illustrations should be clearly marked on the back with the figure number and the author's name. All figures are to have a caption, OUTSIDE the figure, underneath the figure.

Line drawings:

Good quality printouts on white paper produced in black ink are required. All lettering, graph lines and points on graphs should be sufficiently large and bold to permit reproduction when the diagram has been reduced to a size suitable for inclusion in the journal. Dye-line prints or photocopies are not suitable for reproduction. Do not use any type of shading on computer-generated illustrations.


Original photographs must be supplied as they are to be reproduced (e.g. black and white or colour). If necessary, a scale should be marked on the photograph. Please note that photocopies of photographs are not acceptable.


Tables should be numbered consecutively and given a suitable caption ABOVE the table and each table typed on a separate sheet. Footnotes to tables should be typed below the table and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters. No vertical rules should be used. Tables should not duplicate results presented elsewhere in the manuscript, (e.g. in graphs).

Electronic Submission:

Authors should submit an electronic copy of their paper with the final version of the manuscript. The electronic copy should match the hardcopy exactly. Always keep a backup copy of the electronic file for reference and safety. Full details of electronic submission and formats can be obtained from


Proofs will be sent to the author (first named author if no corresponding author is identified of multi-authored papers) and should be returned within 48 hours of receipt. Corrections should be restricted to typesetting errors; any others may be charged to the author. Any queries should be answered in full. Please note that authors are urged to check their proofs carefully before return, since the inclusion of late corrections cannot be guaranteed.


All authors must sign the "Transfer of Copyright" agreement before the article can be published. This transfer agreement enables African Association of Agricultural Economists to protect the copyrighted material for the authors, without the author relinquishing his/her proprietary rights. The copyright transfer covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, photographic reproductions, microfilm or any other reproductions of a similar nature, and translations. It also includes the right to adapt the article for use in conjunction with computer systems and programs, including reproduction or publication in machine-readable form and incorporation in retrieval systems. Authors are responsible for obtaining from the copyright holder permission to reproduce any material for which copyright already exists.